Microsoft has revealed the release of Windows 11 later this Fall and the big questions for many Mac users that need Windows is, does Windows 11 run on a Mac?
The answer at the moment is it depends on which Mac you have and even if you have one that supports Windows 11, at the moment you can only unofficially install the Preinstallation Environment of Windows 11 on a Mac.
We therefore do not recommend installing Windows 11 on a Mac at this early stage – and here’s the reason why.
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Windows 11 on Mac and TPM
Windows 11 requires support for Trusted Platform Module (TPM) 2.0. TPM 2.0 is built into the motherboard of a computer to ensure the integrity of the operating system’s security.
Unfortunately, neither Intel or M1 Macs have a TPM built into the motherboard. In fact, even many Windows PCs built before 2014 do not have a TPM and will not be able to run Windows 11.
However, some Intel Macs do have a TPM built into the CPU which in theory, will allow those Macs to officially support Windows 11.
Intel Macs which have a TPM built into the processor and in theory should be able to officially support Windows 11 are:
- MacBook (Retina, 12-inch, 2017)
- MacBook Air (13-inch, 2017)
- MacBook Pro (15-inch, 2016)
- MacBook Pro (13-inch, 2016, Four Thunderbolt 3 ports)
- MacBook Pro (13-inch, 2016, Two Thunderbolt 3 ports)
- Mac mini (2018)
- iMac Pro (2017)
- iMac (Retina 5K, 27-inch, 2017)
- iMac (Retina 4K, 21.5-inch, 2017)
- iMac (21.5-inch, 2017)
- Mac Pro (2019)
However, to officially support Windows 11 Apple would have to update macOS to support TPM and Windows 11 on these Macs and that seems highly unlikely as Apple has discontinued Intel Macs in favor of the new M1 chip Macs.
Parallels has also confirmed that it is working on supporting Windows 11 on Macs by simulating the TPM module so that in theory, it should be possible to run it on any Mac.
In fact, Parallels can already emulate TPM modules in the Professional version of Parallels although Parallels Pro does not support running Windows 11 yet.
There are some sites that have already published workarounds to install Windows 11 on a Mac that bypass the TPM requirement by using a modified ISO image of Windows.
However, we do not recommended these as they’re not officially supported and are likely to be broken by updates to Windows 11 or macOS in the future.
It will also probably be impossible to update unofficial installations of Windows 11 on a Mac.
Can You Install Windows 11 on M1 Macs?
M1 Macs have Apple’s T2 chip instead of a TPM but it is still possible to run Windows 11 on M1 Macs.
Since Boot Camp does not work on M1 Macs, the only way to run Windows 11 on an M1 Mac is to use a virtual machine such as Parallels.
However, it’s important to be aware that only the ARM version of Windows works on M1 Macs, not the standard version which most people are familiar with.
Windows ARM is very similar the standard version of Windows but is compatible with less software as it only works with ARM (Advanced RISC Machine) chips.
You can find out full instructions how to install Windows on an M1 Mac here.
Although Parallels doesn’t yet officially support Windows 11 on M1 Macs, you can currently test out Windows 11 in Parallels as part of the Windows Insider Program.
You can watch a copy of Windows 11 PE (Pre-installation Environment) build 22000 running in Parallels on a Mac below.
Will Windows 11 Run on Mac With Windows 365?
Windows 365 is a new Cloud service by Microsoft that will allow Mac users to use Windows online in any browser.
At the moment, Microsoft Windows 365 is not due for release until August 2nd 2021 and even then it will only be available to businesses.
However, it will offer another way for Mac users to access Windows on a Mac including Windows 11 – eventually.